What are some of the implications of population-based pressures?
High population density has profound impacts on Rwanda's ability to continue to develop, including:
  • stresses on natural resources from a large (70%) rural population that is highly dependent on agriculture, leading to effects on agricultural output, economic growth, and health and nutrition outcomes
  • land shortage and conflict over ownership
  • bulging youth-base, comprised of many unskilled laborers, that may place additional stress on social safety net programs if not properly absorbed into the labor market
Geography and population pressures are underlying factors affecting fertility and malnutrition
Wanting to understand the dynamics in recent changes in fertility and nutrition, we analyzed household-level data from the 2010 and 2014/2015 Demographic and Health Survey, the 2002 and 2012 National Census, and the 2012 and 2015 Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis.
  • First, we will examine how demographic factors influence family planning, and how these patterns changed over time and space.
  • Next, we analyze trends in child malnutrition and its multisectoral associations
  • Lastly, we will describe patterns in food consumption.